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newsies, 5-11 oct. '97
"Lake Charles, Louisiana [Across the USA]." USA Today, 9 October
Conoco agreed to settle a class action lawsuit filed by
Mossville residents who claim the company polluted area
groundwater with ethylene dichloride [scavenger to prevent
corrosion by leaded gas; why Pd'ed gas creates pcdd/f etc.]. The
cost a minimum of $15 million with a cap of $30 million.
"HRT and Breast Cancer [Findings]." Washington Post, 10 October
Valerie Beral of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund in London
led a study that found hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can
increase a woman's chances of getting breast cancer by 2.3
percent per year. The study appears in _The Lancet_ [no
the AP ran a 20 p'graph story that was picked up in our small newspaper, too:
Greenpeace Cites Vinyl as Hazard in 28 Toys. The Washington
Post, October 10, 1997, pG3.
The environmental organization Greenpeace has released a
list of vinyl products for children that it says contain high
levels of lead and cadmium. The US Consumer Product Safety
Commission has said that the products passed its tests for
Toy sellers and manufacturers have called Greenpeace's
action a misguided attempt to gain attention and boost its waning
membership. "Here we have a lot of people who are trying to raise
funds and reestablish themselves," said David Miller, president
of Toy Manufacturers of America. "It's bad business to make
dangerous toys - we just don't do it."
The toys in question are made out of polyvinyl chloride
(PVC). Previously, the CPSC had worked with miniblind
manufacturers to voluntarily remove vinyl miniblinds containing
PVC from the market because of reports of lead poisoning in
children. But the CPSC says that the products listed by
Greenpeace don't pose the same risks because they aren't likely
to be exposed to as much direct sunlight and heat as miniblinds
are. It is this factor that causes the material to deteriorate
and pose a threat to children.
Greenpeace initially studied plasticizer products used in
soft toys, such as teething rings. They found that some of the
products contained high levels of phthalates, which have been
linked to liver and kidney disorders and other health problems.
Greenpeace then expanded the study to include 131 toys and
children's products such as backpacks and umbrellas. The study
tried to determine the risk of exposure to lead and cadmium of
children who chewed, sucked, or handled the toys. The
independent laboratories that conducted the study for Greenpeace
found that almost one-fifth of the products contained dangerous
levels of lead.
The CPSC tested 11 of the products that had been found to be
dangerous by Greenpeace and found opposite results. Greenpeace
said that the CPSC tests did not replicate the scientific methods
used by Greenpeace.
** The above story was also covered in: **
Lead Content is Found High In Plastic Items. The New York Times,
October 10, 1997, pA15.