[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: Chem Waste Management exemption

  For many years, ICI at  Runcorn have disposed of many thousands of tonnes
  per year of extremely toxic waste down disused brine boreholes (cavities
  formed by injection of water into salt deposits then extraction of brine for
  chlorine manufacture) near Northwich, England.  This waste is contaminated
  with approx 500 gm dioxin per year as well as being almost neat
  organochlorine liquid residues anyway, from various plants (the water
  content varies from 10ppm - 100 ppm). These residues are from the VC,
  chlormethanes, Per/Tri and VDC plant. 1997 forecasts were 9000 tonnes fron
  Runcorn Per/Tri plant, 5100 tonnes from Runcorn VC plant,  5775 tonnes
  "lights" and 4537 tonnes "heavies" from Hillhouse VC plant, 6200 tonnes from
  Runcorn chloromethanes plant, plus a couple of hundred tonnes from other plants 
  The UK Environment Agency are now saying that this has been a perfectly safe
  method of disposal, but they do not now consider this to be a sustainable
  solution for the future. So EVC will instead be burning their VC waste and
  ICI's other liquid residues above,  in an onsite incinerator in Runcorn,
  about half a mile from housing and schools.
  At 02:42 10/09/97 -0400, Jon Campbell wrote:
  > Alex,
  >    Injection is actually permitted for many waste
  >as an on-site, non-destructive method of disposal of
  >hazwaste, I learned with dismay. I know that Dow used
  >to use it extensively at Midland, MI, and probably
  >does (though I haven't checked the RCRA database,
  >so I can't be sure...).
  >-----Original Message-----
  >From: asagady@sojourn.com <asagady@sojourn.com>
  >To: Multiple recipients of list
  >Date: Thursday, August 21, 1997 12:02 AM
  >Subject: Chem Waste Management exemption
  >>I thought folks would be interested in this exemption
  >>for Chem Waste Management to get around the
  >>Land Disposal Ban rules that require hazardous
  >>waste treatment.
  >>Folks in OHIO should be particularly forwarned...
  >>This is an example of EPA circumventing Congressional
  >>intent with the requirement that wastes containing
  >>significant amounts of organic compounds not be
  >>permitted for land disposal without treatment to
  >>destroy those compounds.
  >>When ChemWaste Management can poor them
  >>in a hole in the ground perhaps one can begin
  >>to understand the effects on pollution prevention
  >>and more ligitimate waste treatment....
  >>[Federal Register: August 12, 1997 (Volume 62, Number
  >>[Rules and Regulations]
  >>[Page 43109-43111]
  >>>From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access
  >>40 CFR Part 148
  >>Final Decision To Grant Chemical Waste Management,
  >Inc. a
  >>Modification of an Exemption From the Land Disposal
  >Restrictions of the
  >>Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 Regarding
  >Injection of
  >>Hazardous Wastes
  >>AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
  >>[[Page 43110]]
  >>ACTION: Notice of final decision on a request to
  >modify an exemption
  >>from the hazardous and solid waste amendments of the
  >>Conservation and Recovery Act.
  >>SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given by the Environmental
  >Protection Agency
  >>(EPA or Agency) that modification of an exemption to
  >the land disposal
  >>restrictions under the 1984 Hazardous and Solid Waste
  >Amendments to the
  >>Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) has been
  >granted to
  >>Chemical Waste Management, Inc. (CWM) of Oakbrook,
  >Illinois. This
  >>modification allows CWM to inject RCRA-regulated
  >hazardous wastes which
  >>will be banned from land disposal on August 11, 1997,
  >as a result of
  >>regulations promulgated on May 12, 1997. Wastes
  >designated by a total
  >>of 11 additional RCRA waste codes, may continue to be
  >land disposed
  >>through four waste disposal wells at the facility at
  >Vickery, Ohio. As
  >>required by 40 CFR part 148, CWM has demonstrated, to
  >a reasonable
  >>degree of certainty, that there will be no migration
  >of hazardous
  >>constituents from the injection zone utilized by CWM's
  >waste disposal
  >>facility located near Vickery, Ohio, for as long as
  >the newly exempted
  >>waste remains hazardous. This decision constitutes a
  >final Agency
  >>action for which there is no administrative appeal.
  >>DATES: This action is effective as of August 12, 1997.
  >Nathan Wiser, Lead
  >>Petition Reviewers, Region 5, telephone (312) 886-2939
  >or (312) 353-
  >>9569, respectively. Copies of the petition and all
  >>information relating thereto are on file and are part
  >of the
  >>Administrative Record. It is recommended that you
  >contact the lead
  >>reviewer prior to reviewing the Administrative record.
  >>    CWM submitted a petition for an exemption from the
  >restrictions on
  >>land disposal of hazardous wastes on January 19, 1988.
  >>documents were received on December 4, 1989, and
  >several supplemental
  >>submittals were subsequently made. The exemption was
  >granted on August
  >>7, 1990. On September 12, 1994, CWM submitted a
  >petition to modify the
  >>exemption to include wastes bearing 23 additional RCRA
  >wastes codes.
  >>Region 5 reviewed documents supporting the request and
  >granted the
  >>modification of the exemption on May 16, 1995. A
  >notice of the
  >>modification appeared on June 5, 1995, at 60 FR 29592
  >et seq. On April
  >>9, 1996, CWM submitted a petition to again modify the
  >exemption to
  >>allow 91 additional RCRA waste codes. Region 5
  >reviewed documents
  >>supporting the request and granted the modification on
  >the exemption on
  >>June 24, 1996. A notice of the modification appeared
  >on July 15, 1996,
  >>at 61 FR 36880 et seq.
  >>    On May 13, 1997, in response to the Land Disposal
  >Restrictions Rule
  >>published in the Federal Register at 62 FR 25998 et
  >seq. on May 12,
  >>1997, which set ban dates for a number of hazardous
  >waste codes, CWM
  >>submitted a request to add a total of 11 additional
  >RCRA waste codes to
  >>its exemption. Three (3) of these codes (F032, F034
  >and F035) are
  >>banned by the May 12, 1997, rule. The remaining eight
  >(8) codes (F020,
  >>F021, F022, F023, F025, F026, F027 and F028) have been
  >banned since
  >>1988, but CWM anticipates a future need for their
  >injection. The
  >>underlying chemicals found in all the codes of
  >interest today were
  >>already the subject of previous technical
  >consideration during the
  >>modeling for the originally-issued exemption. The
  >>rule bans codes F032, F034 and F035 from deep
  >injection after August
  >>11, 1997, unless CWM makes a no-migration
  >demonstration. CWM made a no-
  >>migration demonstration in 1990. After careful review
  >of the material
  >>submitted, the EPA has determined, as required by 40
  >CFR part
  >>148.20(f), that there is a reasonable degree of
  >certainty that waste
  >>streams containing constituents designated by these
  >codes will behave
  >>hydraulically and chemically like wastes for which CWM
  >was granted its
  >>original exemption and will not migrate from the
  >injection zone within
  >>10,000 years. The injection zone is the Mt. Simon
  >Sandstone and the
  >>Rome, Conasauga, Kerbel, and Knox Formations. The
  >confining zone is
  >>comprised of the Wells Creek and Black River
  >>    Effective May 29, 1997, the United States Court of
  >Appeals for the
  >>District of Columbia Circuit vacated 24 RCRA waste
  >codes that had been
  >>previously listed. These 24 RCRA waste codes therefore
  >are not banned
  >>from injection under Federal law as they no longer
  >exist as Federally-
  >>defined RCRA waste codes. Notwithstanding the effect
  >of the Court's
  >>action at the Federal level, the Ohio Environmental
  >Protection Agency
  >>rules governing these 24 RCRA waste codes prohibit
  >injection of these
  >>coded wastes without a Federal exemption from the Land
  >>Restrictions. Hence, the action taken by modifying the
  >exemption issued
  >>to CWM remains effective for these RCRA waste codes
  >since without the
  >>inclusion of these codes, CWM would be barred from
  >injecting them under
  >>State law. CWM's modified exemption therefore contains
  >these 24 RCRA
  >>waste codes. The effect of this exemption is limited
  >to those wastes
  >>coded as K160, U277, U366, U375, U376, U377, U378,
  >U379, U381, U382,
  >>U383, U384, U385, U386, U390, U391, U392, U393, U396,
  >U400, U401, U402,
  >>U403 and U407, effective the date that these 24 RCRA
  >waste codes were
  >>originally promulgated. If these particular codes
  >should be re-
  >>promulgated as RCRA wastes, different in chemical
  >character from the
  >>originally-promulgated RCRA waste codes, the burden
  >will be incumbent
  >>on CWM to show that the injection of such
  >newly-promulgated RCRA waste
  >>codes will result in a reasonable degree of certainty
  >that there will
  >>be no migration from the injection zone within 10,000
  >years, and a
  >>modification of CWM's exemption will be required to
  >inject them.
  >>    As a result of this action, CWM may continue to
  >inject the wastes
  >>bearing the codes:
  >>    F020, F021, F022, F023, F025, F026, F027, F028,
  >F032, F034, and
  >>after wastes denoted by these codes are banned from
  >land disposal on
  >>August 11, 1997. These waste codes are added to the
  >waste codes which
  >>have been previously exempted and the current total
  >approved listing of
  >>codes follows.
  >List of Approved RCRA
  >>Waste Codes for Injection
  >>D001.....     D043       K015       K071       K142
  >P030       P078
  >>P190       U031       U076       U120       U162
  >U208       U366
  >>D002.....     F001       K016       K073       K143
  >P031       P081
  >>P191       U032       U077       U121       U163
  >U209       U367
  >>D003.....     F002       K017       K083       K144
  >P033       P082
  >>P192       U033       U078       U122       U164
  >U210       U372
  >>D004.....     F003       K018       K084       K145
  >P034       P084
  >>P194       U034       U079       U123       U165
  >U211       U373
  >>D005.....     F004       K019       K085       K147
  >P036       P085
  >>P196       U035       U080       U124       U166
  >U213       U375
  >>D006.....     F005       K020       K086       K148
  >P037       P087
  >>P197       U036       U081       U125       U167
  >U214       U376
  >>D007.....     F006       K021       K087       K149
  >P038       P088
  >>P198       U037       U082       U126       U168
  >U215       U377
  >>D008.....     F007       K022       K088       K150
  >P039       P089
  >>P199       U038       U083       U127       U169
  >U216       U378
  >>D009.....     F008       K023       K093       K151
  >P040       P092
  >>P201       U039       U084       U128       U170
  >U217       U379
  >>[[Page 43111]]
  >>D010.....     F009       K024       K094       K156
  >P041       P093
  >>P202       U041       U085       U129       U171
  >U218       U381
  >>D011.....     F010       K025       K095       K157
  >P042       P094
  >>P203       U042       U086       U130       U172
  >U219       U382
  >>D012.....     F011       K026       K096       K158
  >P043       P095
  >>P204       U043       U087       U131       U173
  >U220       U383
  >>D013.....     F012       K027       K097       K159
  >P044       P096
  >>P205       U044       U088       U132       U174
  >U221       U384
  >>D014.....     F019       K028       K098       K160
  >P045       P097
  >>U001       U045       U089       U133       U176
  >U222       U385
  >>D015.....     F020       K029       K099       K161
  >P046       P098
  >>U002       U046       U090       U134       U177
  >U223       U386
  >>D016.....     F021       K030       K100       P001
  >P047       P099
  >>U003       U047       U091       U135       U178
  >U225       U387
  >>D017.....     F022       K031       K101       P002
  >P048       P101
  >>U004       U048       U092       U136       U179
  >U226       U389
  >>D018.....     F023       K032       K102       P003
  >P049       P102
  >>U005       U049       U093       U137       U180
  >U227       U390
  >>D019.....     F024       K033       K103       P004
  >P050       P103
  >>U006       U050       U094       U138       U181
  >U228       U391
  >>D020.....     F025       K034       K104       P005
  >P051       P104
  >>U007       U051       U095       U139       U182
  >U234       U392
  >>D021.....     F026       K035       K105       P006
  >P054       P105
  >>U008       U052       U096       U140       U183
  >U235       U393
  >>D022.....     F027       K036       K106       P007
  >P056       P106
  >>U009       U053       U097       U141       U184
  >U236       U394
  >>D023.....     F028       K037       K107       P008
  >P057       P108
  >>U010       U055       U098       U142       U185
  >U237       U395
  >>D024.....     F032       K038       K108       P009
  >P058       P109
  >>U011       U056       U099       U143       U186
  >U238       U396
  >>D025.....     F034       K039       K109       P010
  >P059       P110
  >>U012       U057       U101       U144       U187
  >U239       U400
  >>D026.....     F035       K040       K110       P011
  >P060       P111
  >>U014       U058       U102       U145       U188
  >U240       U401
  >>D027.....     F037       K041       K111       P012
  >P062       P112
  >>U015       U059       U103       U146       U189
  >U243       U402
  >>D028.....     F038       K042       K112       P013
  >P063       P113
  >>U016       U060       U105       U147       U190
  >U244       U403
  >>D029.....     F039       K043       K113       P014
  >P064       P114
  >>U017       U061       U106       U148       U191
  >U246       U404
  >>D030.....     K001       K044       K114       P015
  >P065       P115
  >>U018       U062       U107       U149       U192
  >U247       U407
  >>D031.....     K002       K045       K115       P016
  >P066       P116
  >>U019       U063       U108       U150       U193
  >U248       U408
  >>D032.....     K003       K046       K116       P017
  >P067       P118
  >>U020       U064       U109       U151       U194
  >U249       U409
  >>D033.....     K004       K047       K117       P018
  >P068       P119
  >>U021       U066       U110       U152       U196
  >U271       U410
  >>D034.....     K005       K048       K118       P020
  >P069       P120
  >>U022       U067       U111       U153       U197
  >U277       U411
  >>D035.....     K006       K049       K123       P021
  >P070       P121
  >>U023       U068       U112       U154       U200
  >>D036.....     K007       K050       K124       P022
  >P071       P122
  >>U024       U069       U113       U155       U201
  >>D037.....     K008       K051       K125       P023
  >P072       P123
  >>U025       U070       U114       U156       U202
  >>D038.....     K009       K052       K126       P024
  >P073       P127
  >>U026       U071       U115       U157       U203
  >>D039.....     K010       K060       K131       P026
  >P074       P128
  >>U027       U072       U116       U158       U204
  >>D040.....     K011       K561       K132       P027
  >P075       P185
  >>U028       U073       U117       U159       U205
  >>D041.....     K013       K062       K136       P028
  >P076       P188
  >>U029       U074       U118       U160       U206
  >>D042.....     K014       K069       K141       P029
  >P077       P189
  >>U030       U075       U119       U161       U207
  >>    General conditions of this exemption are found at
  >40 CFR part 148.
  >>The exemption granted to CWM on August 7, 1990,
  >included a number of
  >>specific conditions. Conditions numbered (1), (2),
  >(3), (4), and (9)
  >>remain in force. Monitoring under condition 5, which
  >called for
  >>construction and operation of a deep monitoring well,
  >will continue
  >>through the life of the facility. Conditions numbered
  >(5), (6), (7),
  >>and (8) have been satisfied. The results of the work
  >carried out under
  >>these conditions confirms that the model used to
  >simulate fluid
  >>movement within the injection zone for the next 10,000
  >years is valid
  >>and results of the simulation bound the region of the
  >injection zone
  >>within which the waste will be contained.
  >>Rebecca L. Harvey,
  >>Acting Director, Water Division.
  >>[FR Doc. 97-21275 Filed 8-11-97; 8:45 am]
  >>BILLING CODE 6560-50-P
  >>Alex J. Sagady & Associates        Email:
  >>Environmental Consulting and Database Systems
  >>PO Box 39  East Lansing, MI  48826-0039
  >>(517) 332-6971 (voice); (517) 332-8987 (fax)