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  Dear friends --
  This declaration, drafted by a network of groups on five continents
  actively resisting the fossil fuel industry, will be released formally to
  the press, to officials of the international financial institutions
  (IFIs--including the World Bank and International Monetary Fund) and
  governments in Kyoto on December 2, first at a workshop on IFIs sponsored
  by Friends of the Earth International and later that day
  at a press conference. Please circulate this widely for sign-ons by other NGOs.
  We apologize for cross references.
  -James Barnes, FOEI <james.barnes@wanadoo.fr>
  -Daphne Wysham, Institute for Policy Studies, <dwysham@igc.apc.org>
  -Shannon Wright, Rainforest Action Network <amazonia@ran.org>
  -Steve Kretzmann, Project Underground <steve@moles.org>
  -Esperanza Martinez, Oilwatch Secretariat <oilwatch@uio.satnet.net>
  Many thanks!
                                         11/23/97 FINAL VERSION
                                             Kyoto, Dec. 2, 1997
                                     OILWATCH/NGO DECLARATION
  Bearing in mind that:
  The world's leading climate scientists have concluded that the "balance of
  evidence suggests a discernible human influence on global climate" (IPCC
  climate change will cause the greatest suffering to the poorest peoples and
  most pristine ecosystems globally;
  all people have "the fundamental right to freedom, equality and adequate
  conditions of life in an environment of a quality that permits a life of
  dignity and well-being and that they bear a solemn responsibility to
  protect and improve the environment for present and future generations"
  (1972 Stockholm Declaration);
  climate change is only one part of the ecological debt accumulated by the
  industrialized countries through their exploitation of resources in the
  the burning of oil, gas, and coal is the primary cause of human-induced
  climate change;
  the burning of even a portion of known economically recoverable fossil fuel
  reserves ensures climate catastrophe;
  the avoidance of climate catastrophe requires a rapid phase-out of fossil
  fuels--especially oil and coal --and a transition to safe and renewable
  forms of energy;
  transnational corporations and state owned energy companies have primary
  responsibility for the exploitation of fossil fuel reserves, which results
  in climate change, the destruction of critical ecosystems and the
  biological and cultural diversity contained therein;
  governments are responsible for failing to set adequate regulations for
  their oil company operations locally and abroad, for failing to invest in
  sustainable sources of energy, and for encouraging the large-scale sell-off
  of fossil fuel resources;
  the increasing exploitation of fossil fuels in natural forests, which are
  critical ecosystems in the maintenance of climate stability, results in
  numerous impacts on these vital areas through deforestation and pollution
  from drilling operations and ultimately forest degradation from global
  climate change;
  the mining and drilling for coal, oil, and gas results in substantial local
  environmental consequences, including severe degradation of air, forests,
  rivers, and farmlands, the impacts of which are becoming increasingly
  regional in character as the number and size of fossil fuel projects
  rapidly grow;
  corruption, cultural destruction, involuntary resettlement, and violence
  are too often the outcomes of fossil fuel development;
  fossil fuel exploration continues to move into ecological frontier areas,
  home to some of the Earth's last and most vulnerable indigenous
  populations, resulting in accelerated losses of biodiversity and
  traditional knowledge and ultimately ending in ethnocide and genocide;
  the Bretton Woods institutions (including the World Bank Group, the IMF and
  the regional development banks), together with bilateral aid agencies, and
  the World Trade Organization, have a major responsibility for promoting and
  enforcing the structural adjustment and liberalization policies which lead
  countries to exploit their fossil fuel reserves with devastating effects
  not only on the global climate, but also on regional ecosystems and local
  taxpayer funds from Northern countries that are intended for poverty
  alleviation and sustainable development, which must be paid back by
  Southern taxpayers, are instead being used by multilateral and bilateral
  aid agencies for corporate welfare in the form of investments in fossil
  fuel projects, which benefit mainly multinational corporations and local
  elites in the borrowing countries;
  the energy sector is traditionally one of the largest lending portfolios
  for multilateral and bilateral development and export credit agencies, and
  fossil fuels comprise the bulk of that energy lending;
  at least 2 billion rural poor cannot even meet their basic energy needs
  (cooking, heating, lighting) and renewable and safe forms of energy are the
  most promising and least environmentally damaging of the energy options in
  servicing their energy needs;
  nuclear power plants and large hydroelectric dams are plagued with social,
  environmental, and economic problems and thus are not the solution to the
  climate crisis,
  Therefore, we the undersigned call for:
  A moratorium on all new exploration for fossil fuel reserves in
  pristine and frontier areas;
  An end to all lending, credit, and other forms of subsidy from the
  publicly-funded multilateral and bilateral overseas development, export
  credit, and investment insurance agencies for fossil fuel extraction and
  extraction-related projects;
  A moratorium on all lending, credit, and other forms of finance from the
  publicly funded multilateral and bilateral overseas development and export
  credit agencies toward all fossil fueled power projects pending;
  -Evaluations of all current and future power projects in full consultation
  with the communities most affected by the project, respecting the right of
  the local populations to decline a project which may adversely impact them;
  -The consistent implementation of environmental impact reviews on all
  future power projects which fully examine options for demand-side
  management and clean, renewable, decentralized energy options such as wind,
  solar, and micro-hydro;
  -The full and public availability of these reviews to project affected
  peoples in local languages;
  Oil, gas, and coal prices that properly reflect the true costs of their
  extraction and consumption, including the best estimate of their role in
  causing climate change in order to apply the polluter pays principle to
  reflect the cost of carbon in the price;
  A full recognition of the ecological debt as it relates to the impacts of
  fossil fuel extraction and the need to build it into all future climate
  A legally binding obligation to restore all areas affected by oil, gas, and
  coal exploration and exploitation by the corporations or public entities
  that are responsible;
  All public funds now spent by governments, multilateral, and bilateral
  overseas development, export credit and investment insurance agencies on
  subsidizing fossil fuel extraction in the energy sector be used instead
  entirely for investments in clean, renewable, and decentralized forms of
  energy, with a particular focus on meeting the energy needs of the poorest
  2 billion people.
  For the planet and its people,
  [your name and organization here]
  Steve Kretzmann			510-705-8982 - office
  Campaigns Coordinator		510-705-8983 - fax
  Project Underground
  Exposing corporate environmental & human rights abuses
  Supporting communities threatened by the mining and oil industries
  1847 Berkeley Way			http://www.moles.org
  Berkeley, CA, 94703, USA