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newsies, 31 aug. - 6 sept '97

            "Recalls [Digest]." "Auto Wheel-Cleaning Item Is Recalled by
            Company [Business Briefs]."  Wall Street Journal, 4 September 97,
            B8. Washington Post, 4 September 97, E2.
                 Clorox is recalling Armor All QuickSilver automobile wheel
                 cleaner.  The product contains high levels of ammonium
                 bifluoride and ammonium fluoride and was recently blamed for
                 the poisoning death of a child.
            "Pittsfield, Massachusetts [Across the USA]."  USA Today, 5
            September 97, 10A.
                 General Electric has proposed buying five PCB-contaminated
                 homes and sealing PCBs in the soil under a three-foot layer
                 of clean dirt.  Once the houses are cleared and the land is
                 free of PCBs, the land can be used for neighborhood parks.
                                    July/August 1997
            Following is the July/August edition of EarthLink, a bi-monthly
            current awareness newsletter produced by
            INFOTERRA/USA.  EarthLink provides information on international
            environmental activities, publications and
            news of interest to EPA staff and other environment
            professionals.  For more information on these or other
            international environment topics, contact INFOTERRA in the EPA
            Headquarters library at phone: (202) 260-
            5917, fax: (202) 260-3923, or email:
            *Compliance and Enforcement*
            Hawkins, George S., "Compliance and Enforcement Changes in
  Congress and EPA," Natural Resources & Environment, Spring 1997: 42.
            The article addresses the future of EPA's enforcement and
  compliance activities.  The author identifies key
            principles of "enforcement first", "risk analysis/cost benefit",
  "costs to small parties", which have prompted both
            criticism and action in Washington, and examines these in detail.
  The article then discusses recent experimental
            changes implemented by EPA's Region 1 administrator (which the
  author feels encompasses the above principles)
            in an effort to achieve a balance between EPA's enforcement
  activities, and those of risk analysis and assistance
            actions.  Lastly, the article reviews the pros and cons about the
  consequences of these principles.  The author
            concludes that EPA must move beyond just achieving a balance
  between enforcement and assistance tools, by
            examining ways to integrate these activities "as part of a
  unified effort," thereby changing the way the agency does
            business in the future.
            *Toxic Waste*
            "Polychlorinated Biphenyls: U.S. Appeals Court Overturns Rule
  Allowing Imports of PCB's into United States."
            International Environmental Reporter, 23 July 1997: 715-716.
            "A U.S. federal appeals court July 7 struck down the
  Environmental Protection Agency's rule allowing the
            importation of polychlorinated biphenyls into the United States
  for disposal (Sierra Club v. EPA, CA 9, No. 96-
            70223, 7/7/97)."   According to the court, the Toxic Substances
  Control Act not only bars manufacturing of
            PCB's, which have been linked to cancer and birth defects, but
  also bans the importation of PCB's. The EPA
            claimed that allowing PCB's to be imported and destroyed in
  incinerators in the U.S. is safer than letting them
            accumulate in other countries. The EPA has the right to appeal.
            Karliner, Joshua, and Alba Morales and Dara O'Rourke. "The Barons
  of Bromide: The Corporate Forces Behind
            Toxic Poisoning & Ozone Depletion." The Ecologist, 27 no. 3
  (May/June 1997):90-98.
            Methyl bromide is a chemical used to kill soil pests but is a
  highly-toxic chemical to people. It is also an ozone
            depleter. A group of farmers, environmentalists, labor unions,
  scientists, public health professionals and others
            are currently fighting for methyl bromide to be phased-out
  internationally and replaced by sustainable agricultural
            practices.  But methyl bromide manufacturers and lobbyists are
            Jaroff, Leon, "Water Hazard? Finnish Scientists Link Chlorine to
            Cancer in Rats," Time, June 30, 1997: 60.
            Chlorine has long been  used on a large scale for purifying
            water, including swimming pools and drinking water
            supplies, but new studies now raise questions about its safety.
            Scientists in Finland report that laboratory rats
            develop cancer when exposed to a compound called MX (produced
            when chlorine reacts with organic material in
            the water) in large quantities.  Chlorine has also been cited by
            environmentalists as an ozone destroying substance.
            A recent editorial in the Journal of the National Cancer
            Institute the highest levels of MX in U.S. drinking waters
            results in an additional lifetime cancer risk of 2 in 1 million,
            and warns against abandoning the use of chlorine in
            drinking water too quickly.  However, it also encouraged further
            investigations into the effects of MX.
    "We're Not in the Clear Yet; Endocrine-Threatening Chemicals
            Still Abound [Letters]."  Washington Times, 30 August 97, A15.
                 Lynn R. Goldman, assistant administrator for EPA's Office of
                 Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances, writes in
                 response to the August 22 editorial "The Disaster That
                 Wasn't."  She disputes the editorial's implication that the
                 withdrawal of the Tulane University's paper "eliminated the
                 scientific basis for regulatory concern over
                 endocrine-disrupting chemicals.  But scientific and
                 regulatory realities are not that simple."  She notes that
                 EPA has commissioned a National Academy of Sciences review
                 of the literature, plus other investigative actions EPA is
                 taking, such as establishing the Endocrine Disruptor
                 Screening and Testing Advisory Committee  (EDSTAC).  "In
                 closing, honest and open debate of research results is key
                 if we are to improve scientific understanding.  Similarly,
                 honest and open public dialogue is essential for the
                 development of effective public policy regarding
                 endocrine-disrupting chemicals."
  EICAction - Friday, Sept. 5, 1997
  New Attack on the Public's Right-to-Know Remains in FDA Reform Bill
  Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-MA, was on the Senate floor on Friday, Sept. 5, trying
  to block an attack on the public's right-to-know. Kennedy used a delaying
  attack involving endless debate (a "filibuster") to try to hold up a bill
  which would change the way the federal Food and Drug Administration does
  business. Language buried in the bill would overturn state laws such as
  California's Proposition 65, which requires the disclosure of pesticides and
  other toxic chemicals in any product sold on the open market. Senate Majority
  Leader Trent Lott, R-MS, forced the FDA bill to the floor by an 89-5 vote
  ("invoking cloture"). Debate now continues, with a final vote set for 5 p.m.
  Monday on the FDA bill and the right-to-know rollback.
  Great Lakes Area Gets New Info on Sources of Hormone-Disrupting Chemicals
  Part II of the  Environmental Information Center's Great Lakes Endocrine
  Disrupter Report was released to reporters in the region this week at press
  events in several states. The new report names the factories in states
  bordering on the Great Lakes that release the most hormone-disrupting
  chemicals into the environment. Worst culprits: the plastics, chemical, and
  boat repair industries. Research has linked consumption of chemically
  contaminated Great Lakes fish by pregnant women to neurological problems in
  their infants. Most participants in the Great Lakes listserver should have
  received a copy by mail; if you have not and would like one, please contact
  Shana Glickfield at (202) 887-8823 or sglickfield@acpa.com.