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cites to early e.d research (1930's-70's)
michael, i originally had a footnote for the section on early evidence of
e.d., but it said: "compiled from various sources"! here's what i used,
plus a couple extra.
-several are in _rachel's_ #487 (8 march '96) @: http://www.monitor.net/rachel/
(from colburn's _our stolen future_):
-a 4/97 post by ralph ryder (firstname.lastname@example.org)) says that in the
1930's researchers discovered that doses of estrogen (as estradiol?) to
pregmant rats caused sexual abnormalities in their offspring (burlington &
lideman, _soc. exper. biol. & med._ 1950 (no further cite given)).
-alkylphenols estrogenicity: dodds & lawson 'molec. structure in relation
to oestrogen: activity of compounds w/out a phenathracene nucleus' _proc.
royal soc. london b_ 125:222-32 ('38). from a foe/uk report.
-j bitman et al. 'estrogenic activity of o,p-ddt...' science_ 162:371-2
('69) . also 'ddt admin. to neonatal rats induces persistent estrus
syndromen' _science_ 173:642-3 aug. '71.
-j bitmnan & h cecil 'estrogenic activity of ddt analogs & pcb's' _j agi
food chem._ 18:1108-12 ('70)
-uncited refer. to testosterone masculinized mosquitfish, in _rachel's_
#475 (4 jan '96), apparantly also from _osf_. see also a couple cites on
research in the '70's i didn't mention, in this issue.
-d.e.s.: "in 1938, the same year des was 1st synthtesized, a study showed
mice exposed to des developed breast cancer...a year later, other studies
of mice exposed to des in utero linnked the hormone to malformed
reproductive organs." e jarvik 'toxic exposure: birth, lies & videotape'
_deseret news_ [utah?] 23 jan '97 p. c-1. (describes the recent excelelnt
pbs _pov_ documetary 'a healthy baby girl', a des daughter's travails).
-no cited refer. for 40% rate of male->hermaphrodite roach fish in river
lee, hertforshire by scientists employed by thames water authority in 1978,
in _toxct_ 2:2 spring '96 (www.gnapc.org/cats) (it does have a reference
for related discussion, but i didn't print it i guess).
-nelson & bunge of u. iowa reported in '74 a very signif. drop in sperm
counts vs '50'sin fertile men in their iowa clinic.
-wwf/canada's web page discusses reports in '50's of avian sexual behavior,
as do _rachel's_ & _osf_.
t spiro & w stigliani _env issues in chemical perspective_, albany ny suny
press report "tcdd apparantly mimics hormaonal activity, altering a cell's
biochemical apparatus for enzyme production." (m. o'brien, p. 28 of _on the
trail of a pesticide_ , ncap 198?)
-"reduced spermatogenesis has also been reported in monkeys exposed to
commercial fat products adulterated w/ tcdd ... allen & carstens _am. j
ve.t res._ 28:1513 ('67)" (in barsotti et al 'hormal alterations in female
rhesus monkeys fed...2,3,7,8-tcdd' _bul. env. contam. toxicol. 21:463-9
('79). contains references to 3 other positive results in 1960's